Bunions are one of the most common foot deformities in adults. At Artisan Foot and Ankle Specialists, with offices in Mission Viejo and Laguna Hills, California, the dedicated team of podiatrists offers every type of bunion care, from conservative nonsurgical options to bunion surgery and foot reconstructive surgery. To learn how the team can help with your bunions, call the office or schedule an appointment online today.
A bunion is an overgrowth of bone on the side of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint at the bottom of your big toe. Tailor's bunions, or bunionettes, can also occur at the base on your pinky toe, but they're much smaller.
Bunions protrude from the side where the big toe connects to your foot. In addition to the hard bump of bone, your big toe may lean over, possibly even overlapping or underlapping the next toe. If this happens, you may develop corns or calluses from constant friction.
Bunions usually cause discomfort when you're wearing snug shoes. Wearing shoes that move your weight onto your toes, like high heels, can increase the pain.
Many also experience severe stiffness and difficulty moving their big toe.
Bunions develop when your foot shifts, leading to imbalance and instability in your foot's bones, joints, and soft tissues.
Experts have many theories about why these changes occur, with possible reasons including inherited foot type, foot injuries, poorly fitted shoes, and some inflammatory types of arthritis.
Fortunately, the skilled podiatry team at Artisan Foot and Ankle Specialists can expertly correct bunions, no matter the underlying cause.
The Artisan Foot and Ankle Specialists team can usually identify a bunion during a foot exam. They may move your MTP joint gently or ask you to move your toe so they can see how the bunion affects your range of motion.
The team may request X-ray images so they can see the extent of the bone and joint changes inside your foot. If you have any additional symptoms, for example, numbness, tingling, or significant joint warping, you may also need other tests to identify those issues.
For mild-to-moderate bunions, the team may recommend strictly conservative measures at first. These may include:
These treatments can ease joint pressure and relieve your symptoms. Conservative measures may prevent bunion progression, but they can't reverse the damage.
If you have a severe bunion, you may need a procedure called a bunionectomy. This surgery involves removing the bony overgrowth, straightening your MTP joint, and restoring balance in the tissues around the joint.
The podiatric surgeons at Artisan Foot and Ankle Specialists use cutting-edge techniques for bunion surgery whenever possible, which means you can resume bearing weight in as little as a few days.
If you have a bunion, call Artisan Foot and Ankle Specialists or schedule a consultation online today.